Cartography is the art and science of creating and designing maps. It involves gathering of geographical information, storage, processing, editing of the data (information), and presentation of the data in map form.
Cartography has been practiced from the early civilizations. Anaximander was the first of the ancient Greeks to draw a map of the known world and he is considered to be one of the first cartographer. Combining science, aesthetics, and technique, cartography builds on the belief that reality/imagined reality can be modeled in ways that communicate spatial information efficiently and effectively.
Maps can be seen as the best interface between a human and all the big data and thus enable human to answer location-related questions, to support spatial behavior, to enable solving of spatial problems, or simply become aware of space. And that’s why it is perfectly said that, “Without maps, we would be spatially blind!”
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