Man has the basic instinct to understand pictures as well as graphical information. Since the earliest history of human, maps have served to preserve and transmit geographic data by means of a visual representation. The voluminous data in large tables is never easy to use. But, if the same information is served on maps with illustrations, hatching – it will be much more interpretable. A good map unlock the full potential of the underlying data. It is thus far more a useful medium than narrative form of information.
The maps on GIS become much more usable and featured. Everyone appreciates and understands a good map. The GIS maps may be put to performing queries, complex analyses very easily. As a result, many new conclusions and decisions follow. GIS users create as well as work with maps every day, they provide the basic experience of a practical interface for the application of GIS. A good map works as it brights up, upraise, discriminate, fascinate, motivate and promote one’s opinion and belief. The activities get improved multi folds, planning by which monitoring becomes more effective.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) store, analyse and visualize data for geographic positions on Earth’s surface. GIS is a computer-based tool that examines spatial relationships, patterns, and trends. By connecting geography with data, it better perceives data with the help of a conceptualized framework that bestows the capability to capture and analyse geospatial data.GIS is implemented in multiple techniques, processes, methods and technologies. It is connected to various operations and numerous applications, that relates to: business, management, planning, transport/logistics, insurance, telecommunications, and engineering. GIS system can be viewed as an amalgamation of 5 components namely hardware, software, data, methods and people.
Land Information: GIS based land acquisition management system can provide complete information about land assessments and land allotments.
Agriculture: GIS can be used to create more effective and efficient farming techniques, it can be possible by analysing soil data and determining the best crop for the plant.
Managing Disasters: GIS systems can manage the risk of a disaster by monitoring the areas which are prone to natural or man-made disasters.
Urban Growth: Analyse, locate and monitor Urban expansion for the suitable sites.
Business: GIS is used for managing business information based on its location. GIS can keep track of where customers are located, site business, target marketing campaigns, and optimise sales territories and model retail spending patterns.
Tourism: Tourists can get all the information they need on a single click from measuring distance to finding hotels, restaurants and even navigate to their respective links.
Transport: Manage and monitor roads, railway, waterways and logistics by using environmental and topographical data in the GIS platform.
1. Where are land features found? If you need to find the closest gas station, GIS can show you the way. GIS can find optimal location by connecting traffic volumes, zoning information and demographics.
2. What geographical patterns exist? In conservation, if we want to know about animal habitat using GPS collars and land cover. By knowing the animal locations, we can correlate preferred land types along with GPS locations. In the end, we will have a massive database with all types of species of animals.
3. What changes have occurred over a given period of time? Time is the missing element to study change. For example, we can understand change through remote sensing of the environment. Also, we can better predict disasters by finding the change over time.
4. What are the spatial implications? If a company wants to build a new project, GIS excels in storing environment data. Currently most environmental assessments use GIS to understand impact of projects in the landscape.
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DMS TO DECIMAL DEGREE
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